On Tuesday, the Maharashtra-Karnataka border dispute turned violent after vehicles from both states have been attacked and damaged in Belagavi & Pune.
The chief ministers of Karnataka and Maharashtra spoke on the phone and agreed that peace & the rule of law must be maintained from both sides.
What is the Maharashtra-Karnataka border dispute:
The Maharashtra-Karnataka boundary dispute comes in part from the 1956 State Reconfiguration Act, which rearranged the states along tribal lines. Maharashtra has stated that 865 villages, along with Belagavi, Carvar, & Nipani, should be decided to merge into the state since its beginning on May 1, 1960. Karnataka, on the other hand, has refused to surrender its territory.
At the request of Maharashtra, the Centre established the Mahajan Commission on October 25, 1966, headed by then Supreme Court Chief Justice Meher Chand Mahajan. While rejecting Maharashtra’s claim to Belagavi , the commission has proposed that 247 villages/places be added to Karnataka, including Jatt, Akkalkote & Solapur.
What is the status of the border dispute now:
Both Karnataka and Maharashtra believe that the serious problem will not be resolved politically & that a legal solution is required. Since 2004, the Maharashtra-Karnataka border dispute has been heard by the Supreme Court.
In its affidavit in 2010, the Centre confirmed that the transfer of certain areas to then-Mysore (now Karnataka) was neither random nor improper. It also stated that when comparing the State Reconfiguration Bill, 1956, & the Bombay Reconfiguration Bill, 1960, both Parliament and the State Commission considered all relevant factors.
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