Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice were jointly awarded The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2020, for the discovery of the Hepatitis C virus. Hepatitis C (HCV for short) is an infection caused by a virus that attacks the liver and leads to inflammation.
The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
The Nobel Prize is not just about prestige but the winners receive 18- karat gold medal and a check of nearly $1 million.
The selection process begins in the early autumn of the preceding year and the results are announced in October and November. The proposals for the prize must be submitted to the Nobel Committees on or before January 31 of the award year.
Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice and many colleagues have pioneered the work and built upon their findings, validated tests that identify HCV carriers and allow the elimination of contaminated blood and blood products are broadly available around the world.
The Nobel Prize for Physics is to be announced today; Only Three women received it so far.